pg_receivexlog is used to stream transaction log from a running PostgreSQL cluster. The transaction log is streamed using the streaming replication protocol, and is written to a local directory of files. This directory can be used as the archive location for doing a restore using point-in-time recovery (see Section 24.3).
pg_receivexlog streams the transaction log in real time as it's being generated on the server, and does not wait for segments to complete like archive_command does. For this reason, it is not necessary to set archive_timeout when using pg_receivexlog.
The transaction log is streamed over a regular PostgreSQL connection, and uses the replication protocol. The connection must be made with a superuser or a user having REPLICATION permissions (see Section 20.2), and pg_hba.conf must explicitly permit the replication connection. The server must also be configured with max_wal_senders set high enough to leave at least one session available for the stream.
If the connection is lost, or if it cannot be initially established, with a non-fatal error, pg_receivexlog will retry the connection indefinitely, and reestablish streaming as soon as possible. To avoid this behavior, use the -n parameter.
The following command-line options control the location and format of the output.
- -D directory
Directory to write the output to.
This parameter is required.
The following command-line options control the running of the program.
Don't loop on connection errors. Instead, exit right away with an error.
Enables verbose mode.
The following command-line options control the database connection parameters.
- -d connstr
Specifies parameters used to connect to the server, as a connection string. See Section 31.1.1 for more information.
The option is called --dbname for consistency with other client applications, but because pg_receivexlog doesn't connect to any particular database in the cluster, database name in the connection string will be ignored.
- -h host
Specifies the host name of the machine on which the server is running. If the value begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket. The default is taken from the PGHOST environment variable, if set, else a Unix domain socket connection is attempted.
- -p port
Specifies the TCP port or local Unix domain socket file extension on which the server is listening for connections. Defaults to the PGPORT environment variable, if set, or a compiled-in default.
- -s interval
Specifies the number of seconds between status packets sent back to the server. This allows for easier monitoring of the progress from server. A value of zero disables the periodic status updates completely, although an update will still be sent when requested by the server, to avoid timeout disconnect. The default value is 10 seconds.
- -U username
User name to connect as.
Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a password is not available by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs and scripts where no user is present to enter a password.
Force pg_receivexlog to prompt for a password before connecting to a database.
This option is never essential, since pg_receivexlog will automatically prompt for a password if the server demands password authentication. However, pg_receivexlog will waste a connection attempt finding out that the server wants a password. In some cases it is worth typing -W to avoid the extra connection attempt.
Require pg_receivexlog to use an existing replication slot (see Section 25.2.6). When this option is used, pg_receivexlog will report a flush position to the server, indicating when each segment has been synchronized to disk so that the server can remove that segment if it is not otherwise needed. When using this parameter, it is important to make sure that pg_receivexlog cannot become the synchronous standby through an incautious setting of synchronous_standby_names; it does not flush data frequently enough for this to work correctly.
Other options are also available:
Print the pg_receivexlog version and exit.
Show help about pg_receivexlog command line arguments, and exit.
This utility, like most other PostgreSQL utilities, uses the environment variables supported by libpq (see Section 31.14).
When using pg_receivexlog instead of archive_command, the server will continue to recycle transaction log files even if the backups are not properly archived, since there is no command that fails. This can be worked around by having an archive_command that fails when the file has not been properly archived yet, for example:
archive_command = 'sleep 5 && test -f /mnt/server/archivedir/%f'
The initial timeout is necessary because pg_receivexlog works using asynchronous replication and can therefore be slightly behind the master.
To stream the transaction log from the server at mydbserver and store it in the local directory /usr/local/pgsql/archive:
$ pg_receivexlog -h mydbserver -D /usr/local/pgsql/archive