DateTime::diff

DateTimeImmutable::diff

DateTimeInterface::diff

date_diff

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0)

DateTime::diff -- DateTimeImmutable::diff -- DateTimeInterface::diff -- date_diffВозвращает разницу между двумя DateTime объектами

Описание

Объектно-ориентированный стиль

public DateInterval DateTime::diff ( DateTimeInterface $datetime2 [, bool $absolute = false ] )
public DateInterval DateTimeImmutable::diff ( DateTimeInterface $datetime2 [, bool $absolute = false ] )
public DateInterval DateTimeInterface::diff ( DateTimeInterface $datetime2 [, bool $absolute = false ] )

Процедурный стиль

DateInterval date_diff ( DateTimeInterface $datetime1 , DateTimeInterface $datetime2 [, bool $absolute = false ] )

Возвращает разницу между двумя DateTimeInterface объектами.

Список параметров

datetime

Дата и время для сравнения.

absolute

Используется, чтобы вернуть абсолютную разницу.

Возвращаемые значения

DateInterval объект представляет разницу между двумя датами или FALSE в случае возникновения ошибки.

Примеры

Пример #1 Пример использования DateTime::diff()

Объектно-ориентированный стиль

<?php
$datetime1 
= new DateTime('2009-10-11');
$datetime2 = new DateTime('2009-10-13');
$interval $datetime1->diff($datetime2);
echo 
$interval->format('%R%a дней');
?>

Процедурный стиль

<?php
$datetime1 
date_create('2009-10-11');
$datetime2 date_create('2009-10-13');
$interval date_diff($datetime1$datetime2);
echo 
$interval->format('%R%a дней');
?>

Результат выполнения данных примеров:

+2 days

Пример #2 Сравнение объектов DateTime

Замечание:

В PHP 5.2.2 объекты DateTime сравнивались при помощи операторов сравнения.

<?php
$date1 
= new DateTime("now");
$date2 = new DateTime("tomorrow");

var_dump($date1 == $date2);
var_dump($date1 $date2);
var_dump($date1 $date2);
?>

Результат выполнения данного примера:

bool(false)
bool(true)
bool(false)

Смотрите также

  • DateInterval::format() - Форматирует интервал
  • DateTime::add() - Добавляет заданное количество дней, месяцев, лет, часов, минут и секунд к объекту DateTime
  • DateTime::sub() - Вычитает заданное количество дней, месяцев, лет, часов, минут и секунд из времени объекта DateTime

Коментарии

Автор:
You don't need to calculate the exact difference if you just want to know what date comes earlier:

<?php

date_default_timezone_set
('Europe/Madrid');

$d1 = new DateTime('1492-01-01');
$d2 = new DateTime('1492-12-31');

var_dump($d1 $d2);
var_dump($d1 $d2);
var_dump($d1 == $d2);

?>

bool(true)
bool(false)
bool(false)
2009-08-04 08:17:12
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
For those like me who don't yet have PHP 5.3 installed on their host, here's a simple alternative to get the number of days between two dates in the format '2010-3-23' or similar acceptable to strtotime().  You need PHP 5.2.

<?php
function date_diff($date1$date2) {
   
$current $date1;
   
$datetime2 date_create($date2);
   
$count 0;
    while(
date_create($current) < $datetime2){
       
$current gmdate("Y-m-d"strtotime("+1 day"strtotime($current)));
       
$count++;
    }
    return 
$count;
}

echo (
date_diff('2010-3-9''2011-4-10')." days <br \>");
?>
2010-05-10 02:24:22
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
If you want to quickly scan through the resulting intervals, you can use the undocumented properties of DateInterval.

The function below returns a single number of years, months, days, hours, minutes or seconds between the current date and the provided date.  If the date occurs in the past (is negative/inverted), it suffixes it with 'ago'.

<?php
function pluralize$count$text 

    return 
$count . ( ( $count == ) ? ( " $text" ) : ( " ${text}s" ) );
}

function 
ago$datetime )
{
   
$interval date_create('now')->diff$datetime );
   
$suffix = ( $interval->invert ' ago' '' );
    if ( 
$v $interval->>= ) return pluralize$interval->y'year' ) . $suffix;
    if ( 
$v $interval->>= ) return pluralize$interval->m'month' ) . $suffix;
    if ( 
$v $interval->>= ) return pluralize$interval->d'day' ) . $suffix;
    if ( 
$v $interval->>= ) return pluralize$interval->h'hour' ) . $suffix;
    if ( 
$v $interval->>= ) return pluralize$interval->i'minute' ) . $suffix;
    return 
pluralize$interval->s'second' ) . $suffix;
}
?>
2010-05-13 11:52:50
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
I found that DateTime::diff isn't as accurate as I thought. I calculated the age gap between now and a birthdate from before 1970 (unix epoch). Here's what I got:

Given today is January 21st, 2011:

<?php
date_default_timezone_set
('Europe/Berlin');

// birthdate format is YYYY-MM-DD
$birth = new DateTime('1966-01-21');
$today = new DateTime();
$diff $birth->diff($today);
echo 
$diff->format('%y'); // will output 45

$birth = new DateTime('1966-01-23');
$today = new DateTime();
$diff $birth->diff($today);
echo 
$diff->format('%y'); // will output 45 wrongly

$birth = new DateTime('1966-01-24'); // three days difference!
$today = new DateTime();
$diff $birth->diff($today);
echo 
$diff->format('%y'); // will output 44 - correct
?>

When calculating with the date() function it was more accurate (didn't use seconds/hours for comparison).

Note that 3 days may be a lot if you want to create invoices and have to check against a given age to determine if the customer is chargable for taxes and so on.

If someone also found this behaviour I'd like to hear about it - give me a quick mail at schindhelm (at) gmail (dot) com.
Thanks.
2011-01-21 14:48:07
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
Warning, there's a bug on windows platforms: the result is always 6015 days (and not 42...)

http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=51184
2011-02-18 04:22:12
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
I was looking for a way to output X number of days from a given date and didn't find exactly what I was looking for.  But I got this working.  I hope this helps you. 

This will output the number of days,months, or years difference between NOW and a April 1st, 2011. 

<?php
    $date1 
= new DateTime('2011-04-01');
   
$date2 = new DateTime("now");
   
$interval $date1->diff($date2);
   
$years $interval->format('%y');
   
$months $interval->format('%m');
   
$days $interval->format('%d');
    if(
$years!=0){
       
$ago $years.' year(s) ago';
    }else{
       
$ago = ($months == $days.' day(s) ago' $months.' month(s) ago');
    }
    echo 
$ago;
?>

If I used today, 2011-05-16 as $date1, I could return all 0's in the format.  For example....

<?php
        $date1 
= new DateTime('2011-05-161');
   
$date2 = new DateTime("now");
   
$interval $date1->diff($date2);
   
$diff $interval->format('%y-%m-%d');
    echo 
$diff//Today, this will output 0-0-0
?>
2011-05-16 18:00:31
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
$dateTime = new DateTime('2011-08-01 00:00:00');
echo $dateTime->diff(new DateTime('2011-10-01 00:00:01'))->format('%m');

will return 1, instead of 2 ...
2011-10-03 11:12:53
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
I needed to get the exact number of days between 2 dates and was relying on the this diff function, but found that I was getting a peculiar result with:

<?php
    $today 
= new DateTime(date('2011-11-09'));
   
$appt  = new DateTime(date('2011-12-09'));
   
$days_until_appt $appt->diff($today)->d;
?>

This was returning 0 because it was exactly one month.

I had to end up using :

<?php
    $days_until_appt 
$appt->diff($today)->days;
?>

to get 30.
2011-11-09 22:21:38
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
When using datediff make sure your time zone is correct, for me on Windows 7 64 bit it behaved very strange when timezone was wrong (I was comparing now against time in database and exif metadata in photos). For example: date_default_timezone_set('Europe/Oslo');
2011-11-10 17:24:04
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
Though I found a number of people who ran into the issue of 5.2 and lower not supporting this function, I was unable to find any solid examples to get around it. Therefore I hope this can help some others:

<?php
function get_timespan_string($older$newer) {
 
$Y1 $older->format('Y');
 
$Y2 $newer->format('Y');
 
$Y $Y2 $Y1;

 
$m1 $older->format('m');
 
$m2 $newer->format('m');
 
$m $m2 $m1;

 
$d1 $older->format('d');
 
$d2 $newer->format('d');
 
$d $d2 $d1;

 
$H1 $older->format('H');
 
$H2 $newer->format('H');
 
$H $H2 $H1;

 
$i1 $older->format('i');
 
$i2 $newer->format('i');
 
$i $i2 $i1;

 
$s1 $older->format('s');
 
$s2 $newer->format('s');
 
$s $s2 $s1;

  if(
$s 0) {
   
$i $i -1;
   
$s $s 60;
  }
  if(
$i 0) {
   
$H $H 1;
   
$i $i 60;
  }
  if(
$H 0) {
   
$d $d 1;
   
$H $H 24;
  }
  if(
$d 0) {
   
$m $m 1;
   
$d $d get_days_for_previous_month($m2$Y2);
  }
  if(
$m 0) {
   
$Y $Y 1;
   
$m $m 12;
  }
 
$timespan_string create_timespan_string($Y$m$d$H$i$s);
  return 
$timespan_string;
}

function 
get_days_for_previous_month($current_month$current_year) {
 
$previous_month $current_month 1;
  if(
$current_month == 1) {
   
$current_year $current_year 1//going from January to previous December
   
$previous_month 12;
  }
  if(
$previous_month == 11 || $previous_month == || $previous_month == || $previous_month == 4) {
    return 
30;
  }
  else if(
$previous_month == 2) {
    if((
$current_year 4) == 0) { //remainder 0 for leap years
     
return 29;
    }
    else {
      return 
28;
    }
  }
  else {
    return 
31;
  }
}

function 
create_timespan_string($Y$m$d$H$i$s)
{
 
$timespan_string '';
 
$found_first_diff false;
  if(
$Y >= 1) {
   
$found_first_diff true;
   
$timespan_string .= pluralize($Y'year').' ';
  }
  if(
$m >= || $found_first_diff) {
   
$found_first_diff true;
   
$timespan_string .= pluralize($m'month').' ';
  }
  if(
$d >= || $found_first_diff) {
   
$found_first_diff true;
   
$timespan_string .= pluralize($d'day').' ';
  }
  if(
$H >= || $found_first_diff) {
   
$found_first_diff true;
   
$timespan_string .= pluralize($H'hour').' ';
  }
  if(
$i >= || $found_first_diff) {
   
$found_first_diff true;
   
$timespan_string .= pluralize($i'minute').' ';
  }
  if(
$found_first_diff) {
   
$timespan_string .= 'and ';
  }
 
$timespan_string .= pluralize($s'second');
  return 
$timespan_string;
}

function 
pluralize$count$text )
{
  return 
$count . ( ( $count == ) ? ( " $text" ) : ( " ${text}s" ) );
}
?>
2012-02-09 01:00:59
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Keep in mind that diff will convert the two DateTime objects from local time to UTC.
2012-06-27 11:50:57
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
So this function is not available for my server's PHP. I created an alternative.

Convert the datetime into time-stamps, then subtract normally, then convert the seconds to whatever you want.

<?

$date1 
= new DateTime('now');
$date1->modify("-3 hours");

$date2 = new DateTime('now');

$number1 = (int)$date1->format('U');
$number2 = (int)$date2->format('U');

echo (
$number2 $number1)/60/60// will print 3

?>

-Suleiman ALAQEL
2013-03-23 13:00:52
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
for php<5.3
<?php
$date1 
strtotime('2013-07-03 18:00:00');
$date2 time();
$subTime $date1 $date2;
$y = ($subTime/(60*60*24*365));
$d = ($subTime/(60*60*24))%365;
$h = ($subTime/(60*60))%24;
$m = ($subTime/60)%60;

echo 
"Difference between ".date('Y-m-d H:i:s',$date1)." and ".date('Y-m-d H:i:s',$date2)." is:\n";
echo 
$y." years\n";
echo 
$d." days\n";
echo 
$h." hours\n";
echo 
$m." minutes\n";
?>
2013-06-07 16:16:42
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
After wrestling with DateTime::diff for a while it finally dawned on me the problem was both in the formatting of the input string and the formatting of the output.

The task was to calculate the duration between two date/times.

### Calculating Duration 

1. Make sure you have a valid date variable.  Both of these strings are valid:

<?php

// Example

   
$strStart '2013-06-19 18:25';
   
$strEnd   '06/19/13 21:47';

?>

2. Next convert the string to a date variable
~~~
<?php

   $dteStart 
= new DateTime($strStart);
   
$dteEnd   = new DateTime($strEnd);

?>
~~~

3. Calculate the difference
~~~
<?php

   $dteDiff 
$dteStart->diff($dteEnd);

?>
~~~

4. Format the output
~~~
<?php

   
print $dteDiff->format("%H:%I:%S");

/*
    Outputs
   
    03:22:00
*/

?>
~~~

[Modified by moderator for clarify]
2013-06-20 04:45:59
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
It is worth noting, IMO, and it is implied in the docs but not explicitly stated, that the object on which diff is called is subtracted from the object that is passed to diff.

i.e. $now->diff($tomorrow) is positive.
2013-09-20 16:10:21
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
It seems that while DateTime in general does preserve microseconds, DateTime::diff doesn't appear to account for it when comparing. 

Example:

<?php
$val1 
'2014-03-18 10:34:09.939';
$val2 '2014-03-18 10:34:09.940';

$datetime1 = new DateTime($val1);
$datetime2 = new DateTime($val2);
echo 
"<pre>";
var_dump($datetime1->diff($datetime2));

if(
$datetime1 $datetime2)
  echo 
"1 is bigger";
else
  echo 
"2 is bigger";
?>

The var_dump shows that there is no "u" element, and "2 is bigger" is echoed. 

To work around this apparent limitation/oversight, you have to additionally compare using DateTime::format. 

Example:

<?php
if($datetime1 $datetime2)
  echo 
"1 is bigger";
else if (
$datetime1->format('u') > $datetime2->format('u'))
  echo 
"1 is bigger";
else
  echo 
"2 is bigger";
?>
2014-03-18 19:26:35
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Using the identical (===) comparision operator in different but equal objects will return false

<?php
$c 
= new DateTime'2014-04-20' );
$d = new DateTime'2014-04-20' );
var_dump$d === $d ); #true
var_dump$d === $c ); #false
var_dump$d == $c ); #true
?>
2014-04-20 08:54:54
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Another Method to compare dates:
<?php       
    $d1 
= new DateTime('2014-06-07 20:56:00');
   
$d2 = new DateTime('2014-06-09 21:09:00');
    echo 
'The DateTimes are: <br /> d1: '.$d1->format("d-M-y, h:i A").'<br /> d2: '.$d2->format("d-M-y, h:i A");
   
   
$date_diff $d1->diff($d2);            // difference of dates =  ($d2 - $d1) 
   
   
if ( (int)$date_diff->format('%R%a')  >= ){
        echo 
'<br /><br />The recent date is: '.$d2->format("d-M-y, h:i A");
        echo 
'<br /> The older date is: '.$d1->format("d-M-y, h:i A");
    }else{
        echo 
'<br /><br />The recent date is: '.$d1->format("d-M-y, h:i A");
        echo 
'<br /> The older date is: '.$d2->format("d-M-y, h:i A");
    }
?>

Output:
The DateTimes are: 
d1: 07-Jun-14, 08:56 PM
d2: 09-Jun-14, 09:09 PM

The recent date is: 09-Jun-14, 09:09 PM
The older date is: 07-Jun-14, 08:56 PM
2014-06-08 15:49:05
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
Here you have in this post http://softontherocks.blogspot.com/2014/12/calcular-la-edad-con-php.html the code to get the age of a person specifying the date of birth:

function getAge($birthdate){
    $adjust = (date("md") >= date("md", strtotime($birthdate))) ? 0 : -1; // Si aún no hemos llegado al día y mes en este año restamos 1
    $years = date("Y") - date("Y", strtotime($birthdate)); // Calculamos el número de años 
    return $years + $adjust; // Sumamos la diferencia de años más el ajuste
}
2014-12-02 16:31:43
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
<?PHP
/*small script to check if the given date is between the limit 
$gap is the limit needed
date format taken is d-m-yyyy
using PDO
*/

date_default_timezone_set('Asia/kolkata');

$gap 60;
$givendate '7-9-2015';
$givendate explode('-'$givendate);

$thisday    $givendate[0];
$thismonth  $givendate[1];
$thisyear   $givendate[2];

$date1 = new DateTime(date('d-m-Y',mktime(0,0,0,$thismonth,$thisday,$thisyear)));
$date2 = new DateTime(date('d-m-Y'));
$differ $date1->diff($date2);
$daysbetween $differ->format('%a');

echo 
$daysbetween;

if(
$daysbetween $gap){
 
printf("Enter a date within next %d days the difference is %d",$gap,$daysbetween);
}
else{
 
printf("Date is valid and difference  is %d",$daysbetween);
}
?>
2015-07-17 18:53:39
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Be careful using:

$date1 = new DateTime('now');
$date2 = new DateTime('tomorrow');

$interval = date_diff($date1, $date2);

echo $interval->format('In %a days');

In some situations, this won't say "in 1 days", but "in 0 days".
I think this is because "now" is the current time, while "tomorrow" is the current day +1 but at a default time, lets say:

Now: 08:00pm, 01.01.2015
Tomorrow: 00:00am, 02.01.2015

In this case, the difference is not 24 hour, so it will says 0 days.

Better use "today", which should also use a default value like:

Today: 00:00am, 01.01.2015
Tomorrow: 00:00am, 02.01.2015

which now is 24 hour and represents 1 day.

This may sound logical and many will say "of course, this is right", but if you use it in a naiv way (like I did without thinking), you can come to this moment and facepalm yourself.

Conclusion: "Now" is "Today", but in a different clock time, but still the same day!
2015-11-25 17:20:34
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Similar to what was mentioned by  ianlenmac at gmail dot com 
I think its also worth mentioning to note that date_diff($datetime1, $datetime2) is equivalent to " subtract $datetime1 from $datetime2 " as opposed to thinking otherwise because of the arrangement of the arguments 
so date_diff($now, $tomorrow) is +ve
2016-01-15 06:32:42
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Be careful, the behaviour depends on the time zones in a weird way. 

<?php
   
function printDiff($tz) {
       
$d1 = new DateTime("2015-06-01", new DateTimeZone($tz));
       
$d2 = new DateTime("2015-07-01", new DateTimeZone($tz));
       
$diff $d1->diff($d2);
        print(
$diff->format("Year: %Y Month: %M Day: %D"). PHP_EOL);
    }
   
printDiff("UTC");
   
printDiff("Australia/Melbourne");
?>

The result is different:

Year: 00 Month: 01 Day: 00
Year: 00 Month: 00 Day: 30
2016-11-02 04:09:46
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
<?php
$datetime1 
= new DateTime('2016-11-30');
$datetime2 = new DateTime('2017-03-01');
$interval $datetime1->diff($datetime2);
var_dump($interval->days 30.4375);
$month $interval->$interval->12;
var_dump($month);

Result:
float(2.9897330595483)
int(2) <-- Where is the third monthFebruary has 28/29 days total.

For
<?
php
$datetime1 
= new DateTime('2016-11-30');
$datetime2 = new DateTime('2017-03-02');

Result:
float(3.0225872689938)
int(3)
2017-03-17 17:34:18
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html
Автор:
WARNING!!!

Although you CAN directly compare DateTime objects, you will get nonintuitive results if the other object is not also DateTime compatible.

I just found a subtle bug in my code because it was comparing a date against an uninitialised variable.

<?php
$now 
= new DateTime();
$other_date null;
var_dump($now $other_date);   // false
var_dump($now $other_date);   // true
?>

It's better to use DateTime::diff() because the return value will only be a DateInterval object if the types were compatible, otherwise it will be false.

<?php
$then 
= new DateTime('yesterday');
$now = new DateTime();
$other_date null;
var_dump($now->diff($other_date));  // false
var_dump($now->diff($then));    // DateInterval object
?>

If a DateInterval object was returned, you can check the 'invert' property to see if the second date is before the first date or not. DateInterval::invert will be 1 if the second date is before the first date, and 0 if the the second date is on or after the first date.
2017-05-10 06:29:56
http://php5.kiev.ua/manual/ru/datetime.diff.html

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