Compiling Apache requires the following environment to be
Make sure you have at least 50 MB of free disk space
available. After installation Apache requires approximately
10 MB of disk space, plus space for log and cache files,
which can grow rapidly. The actual disk space requirements
will vary considerably based on your chosen configuration and
any third-party modules or libraries.
Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 or higher.
Apache can be built using the command line tools, or from
within the Visual Studio IDE Workbench. The command line
build requires the environment to reflect the PATH,
INCLUDE, LIB and other variables
that can be configured with the vcvars32 batch file:
The Windows Platform SDK.
Visual C++ 5.0 builds require an updated Microsoft Windows
Platform SDK to enable some Apache features. For command line
builds, the Platform SDK environment is prepared by the
setenv batch file:
"c:\Program Files\Platform SDK\setenv.bat"
The Platform SDK files distributed with Visual C++ 6.0 and
later are sufficient, so users of later version may skip
To install Apache within the build system, several files are
modified using the awk.exe utility. awk was chosen since it
is a very small download (compared with Perl or WSH/VB) and
accomplishes the task of generating files. Brian Kernighan's
site has a compiled native Win32 binary,
you must save with the name awk.exe rather than
Note that Developer Studio IDE will only find
awk.exe from the Tools menu Options... Directories
tab (the Projects - VC++ Directories pane in Developer Studio 7.0)
listing Executable file paths. Add the path for awk.exe
to this list, and your system PATH environment variable,
Also note that if you are using Cygwin (http://www.cygwin.com/) the awk utility is named gawk.exe and
that the file awk.exe is really a symlink to the gawk.exe
file. The Windows command shell does not recognize symlinks, and because of that
building InstallBin will fail. A workaround is to delete awk.exe from
the cygwin installation and rename gawk.exe to awk.exe.
[Optional] OpenSSL libraries (for mod_ssl
and ab.exe with ssl support)
Caution: there are significant restrictions and
prohibitions on the use and distribution of strong cryptography
and patented intellectual property throughout the world.
OpenSSL includes strong cryptography controlled by both export
regulations and domestic law, as well as intellectual property
protected by patent, in the United States and elsewhere. Neither
the Apache Software Foundation nor the OpenSSL project can provide
legal advise regarding possession, use, or distribution of the code
provided by the OpenSSL project. Consult your own legal
counsel, you are responsible for your own actions.
OpenSSL must be installed into a srclib subdirectory named
openssl, obtained from http://www.openssl.org/source/, in order to compile mod_ssl
or the abs project (ab.exe with SSL support.) To prepare OpenSSL
for both release and debug builds of Apache, and
disable the patent protected features in OpenSSL, you might use the following
Note; you can use the scripts in the ms\ subdirectory, however,
it's rather tricky to force ms\do_masm.bat, for example, to perform
the patent encumberances as mentioned above. Patches to add the $* argument list
to the appropriate .bat lines in these scripts aren't incorporated, thus far.
Zlib must be installed into a srclib subdirectory named
zlib, however those sources need not be compiled. The build system
will compile the compression sources directly into the mod_deflate
module. Zlib can be obtained from http://www.zlib.net/ -- mod_deflate is confirmed to build
correctly with version 1.1.4. To use a later version of zlib, upgrade to
Apache HTTP Server release 2.2 or later.
First, unpack the Apache distribution into an appropriate
directory. Open a command-line prompt and cd to that
The master Apache makefile instructions are contained in the
Makefile.win file. To compile Apache on Windows
NT, simply use one of the following commands to compiled the
release or debug build, respectively:
Apache can also be compiled using VC++'s Visual Studio
development environment. To simplify this process, a
Visual Studio workspace, Apache.dsw, is provided.
This workspace exposes the entire list of working .dsp
projects that are required for the complete Apache binary release.
It includes dependencies between the projects to assure that they
are built in the appropriate order.
Open the Apache.dsw workspace, and select
InstallBin (Release or Debug build,
as desired) as the Active Project. InstallBin causes all
related project to be built, and then invokes Makefile.win to
move the compiled executables and dlls. You may personalize the
INSTDIR= choice by changing InstallBin's Settings,
General tab, Build command line entry. INSTDIR defaults to the
/Apache2 directory. If you only want a test compile (without
installing) you may build the BuildBin project instead.
The .dsp project files are distributed in Visual
C++ 6.0 format. Visual C++ 5.0 (97) will recognize them. Visual C++
7.0 (.net) must convert Apache.dsw plus the .dsp
files into an Apache.sln plus .msproj files,
be sure you reconvert the .msproj file if any of the source
.dsp files change! This is really trivial, just open
Apache.dsw in the VC++ 7.0 IDE once again.
Visual C++ 7.0 (.net) users should also use the Build
menu, Configuration Manager dialog to uncheck both the Debug
and Release Solution modules abs, mod_ssl
These modules are built by invoking nmake or the IDE directly
with the BinBuild target to build those modules explicitly,
only if the srclib directories openssl
and/or zlib exist.
Exported .mak files pose a greater hassle, but they are
required for Visual C++ 5.0 users to build mod_ssl,
abs (ab with SSL support) and/or
VC++ 7.0 (.net) users also benefit, nmake builds
are faster than binenv builds.
Build the entire project from within the VC++ 5.0 or 6.0 IDE,
then use the Project Menu Export for all makefiles.
You must build the projects first in order to create all dynamic
auto-generated targets, so that dependencies can be parsed
correctly. Run the following command to fix the paths so they
will build anywhere:
You must type this command from the top level
directory of the httpd source tree. Every
.mak and .dep project file within
the current directory and below will be corrected, and the
timestamps adjusted to reflect the .dsp.
If you contribute back a patch that revises project files, we
must commit project files in Visual Studio 6.0 format. Changes
should be simple, with minimal compilation and linkage flags that
will be recognized by all VC++ 5.0 through 7.0 environments.
The Apache.dsw workspace and makefile.winnmake script both build the .dsp projects
of the Apache server in the following sequence:
In addition, the modules\ subdirectory tree contains
project files for the majority of the modules.
The support\ directory contains project files for
additional programs that are not part of the Apache runtime,
but are used by the administrator to test Apache and maintain
password and log files. Windows-specific support projects are
broken out in the support\win32\ directory.
Once Apache has been compiled, it needs to be installed in
its server root directory. The default is the
\Apache2 directory, of the same drive.
To build and install all the files into the desired folder
dir automatically, use one of the following
Note only the .dsp files are maintained between release
builds. The .mak files are NOT regenerated, due to the tremendous
waste of reviewer's time. Therefore, you cannot rely on the NMAKE
commands above to build revised .dsp project files unless you
then export all .mak files yourself from the project. This is
unnecessary if you build from within the Microsoft
Developer Studio environment.
Also note it is very worthwhile to build the BuildBin
target project (or the command line _apacher or
_apached target) prior to exporting the make files.
Many files are autogenerated in the build process. Only a full
build provides all of the dependent files required to build proper
dependency trees for correct build behavior.
In order to create distribution .mak files, always review
the generated .mak (or .dep) dependencies for
Platform SDK or other garbage includes. The DevStudio\SharedIDE\bin\
(VC5) or DevStudio\Common\MSDev98\bin\ (VC6) directory contains
the sysincl.dat file, which must list all exceptions. Update this
file (including both forward and backslashed paths, such as both
sys/time.h and sys\time.h) to include such dependencies.
Including local-install paths in a distributed .mak file will
cause the build to fail completely. And don't forget to run
srclib/apr/build/fixwin32mak.pl in order to fix absolute
paths within the .mak files.